The cultivation of bananas by man began in Southeast Asia. There are still many species of wild banana in New Guinea, Mᴀʟᴀʏsɪᴀ, Iɴᴅᴏɴᴇsɪᴀ, and the Pʜɪʟɪᴘᴘɪɴᴇs. Archaeological and paleoenvironmental evidence recently revealed at Kuk Swamp, in the Western Highlands province of New Guinea, suggests that this activity dates back to at least 5,000 BC, or even as late as 8,000 BC. of banana cultivation. It is likely, however, that other wild banana species were later cultivated elsewhere in Southeast Asia.
Banana is a pseudo berry of the banana tree, a perennial herbaceous stem plant in the Musaceae family. They are grown in 130 countries. They originated in Southeast Asia and are now grown in almost every tropical location on the earth.
We will see the process of growing, harvesting, and processing bananas. Growing excellent quality bananas requires a lot of sᴋɪʟʟ and dedication. In the first stage, banana trees are planted using seedlings. Initially, in greenhouses, they go to the fields when they reach a height of 40 cm. Plants require about 9.5 gallons of water a day. It is vital that banana tree roots are not submerged in water. An effective drainage system is essential for crop health.
Banana trees develop protective leaves called bracts. At this stage, the fruit stems are converted with a permeable bag. This bag allows light and air to enter and prevents harmful insects and winds. Between the flowers and the fruits, the banana tree takes about nine months. As they grow, banana trees are tied to a support network. This prevents the wind and the weight of the fruit from breaking the plant in half. Manual organic fertilizer process.
As the fruit grows, the protective bracts are removed. And the flowers from the ends of the bananas are removed with scissors. This process is called early deflowering. And the flowers from the ends of the bananas are manually removed. The lower fruits are removed, this helps the whole bunch to grow evenly. These bags separate the bunches and prevent the sap from staining the bananas. Manual control of pests that ᴛʜʀᴇᴀᴛen banana trees. Research center for the development of healthier and more sustainable plants.
3 months after flowering the bananas are ready for harvest. Each plant is examined to determine if the fruit is ready. First, the curls are protected by foam sheets. This helps to prevent ᴅᴀᴍᴀɢᴇ and blemishes on the fruit. The stem of the fruit is cut with the help of a machete. The mother plant is cut and provides nutrients to the new daughter plant. Each banana produces a cycle of 3 shoots. The banana tree carries the bunch with about 65 pounds to the cable car system. A mule pulls the cable car system to the processing station.
The cable car has the capacity to carry up to 75 bunches at a time. After removing the foams, the bananas are washed for the first time. Inspection and registration of fruits. Bananas are removed from the stem and placed in the water tank. Here they are inspected and cut into bunches of 5 to 7 bananas. A gentle current of water moves the bananas to the next season. Water protects the fruits and removes excess latex. Stem treatment to preserve freshness. Bananas are ready to be packed in boxes.
Let’s see the Amazing Process of Growing, Harvesting, and Processing bananas in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: Tantum Tech HD