A large vessel known as an aircraft carrier serves as the military’s mobile airport and aircraft hangar. These ships are equipped with a flight deck and have enough room to deploy, maintain, arm, and refuel aircraft without the aid of a nearby air base.
Aircraft carriers and their varied roles
Due in great part to their capacity and mobility, both types of carriers are essential in modern warfare. Contemporary nuclear-powered ships may produce up to 400,000 gallons of fresh water per day and can operate for decades without refueling.
Aircraft carriers can support humanitarian causes in times of peace. The USS Carl Vinson (CVN 70) donated more than 400,000 gallons of potable water, food, medical supplies, hospital services, and more to Hᴀɪᴛɪan earthquake victims in 2010. The USS Harry Truman (CVN 75) helped supply freshwater and supplies after Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN 72) assisted tsunami relief operations in Southeast Asia in 2004, and the USS Harry Truman (CVN 72) assisted tsunami relief efforts in Southeast Asia in 2004.
Aircraft carriers vs heliᴄᴏᴘter carriers
Although fixed-wing ғɪɢʜᴛer planes are typically launched from aircraft carriers, the list above shows that about half of what we now refer to as aircraft carriers are actually heliᴄᴏᴘter carriers. Helo carriers, which are a little bit smaller than “conventional” aircraft carriers, are frequently distinguished from their larger cousins by sub-type designations such as amphibious assault ships, landing platform heliᴄᴏᴘters (LPH), and landing heliᴄᴏᴘter assault (LHA), or landing heliᴄᴏᴘter dock (LHD).
Depending on their present air fleet, certain smaller carriers can switch between roles. For instance, Sᴘᴀɪɴ’s Juan Carlos I serves as a light aircraft carrier when Cᴀʀʀʏing 10–12 heliᴄᴏᴘters and 10–12 planes, but it is a heliᴄᴏᴘter carrier when Cᴀʀʀʏing a complete fleet of 30 heliᴄᴏᴘters (Harrier IIs or Lightning IIs).
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Video resource: MOTORIZADO