The definition of “agricultural mechanization” is somewhat broad. It is not just about the use of machinery, whether it is small or large, mobile or immobile, powered by electricity or not, used for tillage operations, harvesting, or thrashing, but also can be used for various purposes in agriculture, such as irrigation, haulage, production, processing machinery, different dairy equipment for making butter, cream separation, rice hulling, oil pressing, cotton ginning, and more.
Adopting mechanization in farming and agriculture entails using machine power to perform tasks on a farm that were previously performed by horses, bullocks, and other animals in addition to human labor. Mechanization can be implemented either partially, using machines to perform some tasks while leaving others to the labor of humans and animals, or entirely, using machines to perform all tasks.
The following are the main advantages of farm mechanization:
Farming activities become more productive and quick thanks to mechanization. A farmer can now plow 12 acres a day with a tractor, as opposed to just one acre with two horses previously.
The need for human labor is reduced in farming techniques by the use of agricultural machinery. The use of chemicals, better types, and more expensive seeds, as well as enhanced farm equipment, all help to increase yield. With the use of mechanization, production has also significantly increased labor productivity.
Mechanization decreases farmers’ time and effort while also affecting the general status of farmers in rural areas. Utilizing adaptable agricultural equipment like rotavators, cultivators, power tillers, combine harvesters, etc. considerably reduces the need for labor, enhancing the farmers’ standard of living.
Any piece of land that hasn’t been utilized for farming can be converted into a profitable farm quickly and easily with the use of farm equipment, resulting in proper land utilization.
Only mechanization may assist farmers in growing crops and grains to satisfy the demands of feeding a big population. This is due to the world’s growing population.
Since many Iɴᴅɪᴀns still rely on conventional farming practices, mechanization is also required to better the situation of farmers in a nation like Iɴᴅɪᴀ. Agriculture in Iɴᴅɪᴀ may undergo a new revolution thanks to the usage of equipment.
A combine harvester, a piece of modern farm machinery, aids farmers in producing grain that is cleaner, higher quality, and marketable in the shortest amount of time. Farm mechanization helps boost productivity and efficiency while also helping to enhance the farmer’s financial situation and way of life.
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Video resource: Machine stage