Cereal harvesting is very important and will be done today. It ranks in the top 5 cereals consumed globally, both for human consumption and as animal feed. It is sorghum, yes. The majority of types are heat and drought tolerant, which is a nice quality. especially crucial in dry areas where grain is a main food for the underprivileged. Some nations utilize it as cattle feed in place of corn when there is a great demand for food. Sorghum is an African native that comes in roughly 200 different forms. It is currently grown primarily in Cʜɪɴᴀ, the US, and some dry locations.
Prior to sowing, the planting area must be repaired, and weeds must be pulled until vegetation completely covers the row spacing, blocking the light source for the weeds below. Sorghum is a cereal that resembles maize in its vegetative state. Sorghum grows and develops similarly to maize, although it is far more resistant of drought. Sorghum grows well, but it still needs watering, and pests and ɪʟʟɴᴇsses still exist, necessitating the use of pesticides.
Pests that are primarily Leafhopper, Wireworm, and Air Insect species. After planting, they will reach maturity and begin to produce grain. Next, the beauty of this plant will wow you. The branching of the panicle starts to dry out and grow looser around 20% humidity, and harvesting starts when the humidity level is between 18 and 25%. When it becomes this red, we will begin to harvest.
Once the grain reaches physiological maturity and stops accumulating dry matter inside the grain, grain sorghum can be harvested. Grain sorghum reaches maturity from the top of the head all the way to the bottom. In light of this, it’s crucial to check the grain at the bottom of the head to see if it’s mature. At first, each kernel’s crown or top gathers hard starch. When the hard starch has reached the kernel’s base, the grain is said to be mature. Mature grain should have a Bʟᴀᴄᴋ mark at its base and be difficult to penetrate when you pinch the bottom of the kernel between your fingernails.
Utilizing a grain header with a rigid cutter bar, a flex header in the rigid position, or a row crop header, grain sorghum is harvested with a combine. If heads are drooping or stalks are lodged, guards that can help pick them up are advised. At harvest, sorghum stalks are typically significantly wetter than maize stalks, and sugars may cause them to become sticky.
Remainder can accumulate in the hopper with grain and stalk and green leaf debris drawn into the harvester are more prone to clump in the combine, increasing harvest ʟᴏsses. Grain that has been blended with stalk substance may have issues drying and storing. Raise and lower the header as necessary to harvest the smallest amount of the stalk and leaves in order to prevent these issues with standing sorghum.
Let’s see sorghum cultivation technology – sorghum harvest machine – world important cereal harvesting in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: Jacob Truloff