The Airbus A320 is a twin-engine, narrow-boᴅɪᴇᴅ airliner with a short-to-medium range. It was the first ᴅᴇʟɪᴠᴇʀᴇᴅ to its launch customer, Air Fʀᴀɴᴄᴇ, in March 1988 after being launched in March 1984, making its first flight in February 1987.
The A320 is the first airliner in the world to include a digital fly-by-wire (FBW) flight control system, which uses electronic signals rather than mechanical means to convey pilot commands to moving aircraft sections.
Additionally, the A320 uses a sizable portion of composite materials. Additionally, it was designed with a full glass cockpit as opposed to the hybrid cockpits featured in earlier airliners.
The A320-1xx was the first model, of which only 21 were made. The A320-2xx, which had a higher maximum takeoff weight, a longer range, and winglets, came next.
The A320 typically has seating for 150 to 186 passengers. It has a 3,300 nm range. The Boeing 737 is one of the A320 series’ key rivals. The A320 later developed into the A318 and A319, which are both shorter, as well as the stretched A321.
Between 1986 and December 2019, more than 9,250 A320 family aircraft were produced, and the series is now a staple of more than 300 airlines’ fleets worldwide. With over 400 aircraft in operation, American Airlines is the main operator of the line. More than 6,000 are also on order.
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