CNC lathes are machine tools where the cutting tool that cuts the material is mounted and moved in multiple axes while the material or part is clamped and turned by the main spindle. Computer Numerical Control (CNC) systems are used to control CNC lathes, and they receive precise design instructions.
For OD and ID operations, such as on shafts and pipes, CNC lathes commonly clamp and rotate the material or part while mounting the cutting tool stationary. They are perfect for pieces that can be chucked up in the spindle and have same symmetry around the axis.
Two axes of motion and an 8–24 station turret, where the tool is fixed in place, are the only features of a simple CNC lathe. Because the rotating action of the component is referred to as “turning,” some models of CNC lathes are also known as CNC turning machines.
The drive system for the milling, boring, and tapping tools is typically located inside the turret. The life tools are installed for axial or radial operative directions depending on the application. Both 3-axis CNC lathes and CNC turning machines may contain these.
Turning centers are the usual name for lathes that have additional features like Y-axis, sub-spindles, or specifically chosen options for automation. These sophisticated machine tools may accomplish complex part fabrication in one configuration by incorporating milling, drilling, and tapping operations in addition to normal OD and ID turning operations. Such all-in-one machine tools greatly increase production by transforming an item from a raw component to a finished product.
Let’s see Pipe Track Roller – CNC Lathe Machining in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: Chris Maj