A landing is the end of a flight when a flying object, an airplane, or a spaceship returns to the planet. When a flying object falls on water, it is referred to as alighting, while other phrases like “landing,” “touchdown,” and “splashdown” are also widely used. The many phases of a typical aircraft flight include taxiing, takeoff, climbing, cruising, descending, and landing.
An airport’s hard runway or heliᴄᴏᴘter landing pad, which is typically made of asphalt concrete, concrete, gravel, or ɢʀᴀss, is where aircraft typically land. On the water, an aircraft can land if it has pontoons or a fuselage shaped like a boat (a flying boat). Skis are occasionally used by aircraft to land on snow or ice.
The object must drop at a rate that is both slower than its airspeed and slow enough to allow for a smooth landing in order to land. The process of landing involves slowing down and descending to the runway. To achieve this speed reduction, drag can be increased or decreased using flaps, landing gear, or speed brakes.
When a fixed-wing aircraft is getting ᴄʟᴏsᴇ to the ground, the pilot will draw back on the control column to perform a flare or round-out. This widens the ᴀᴛᴛᴀᴄᴋ’s angle. An aircraft with tricycle gear will be able to land on its main wheels first, while an aircraft with standard landing gear won’t be able to do it, the plane often referred to as a “taildragger,” will be able to touch down simultaneously on all three wheels.
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