A species of Pandanus called Pandanus tectorius is indigenous to Malesia, Eastern Aᴜsᴛʀᴀʟɪᴀ, and the Pacific Islands. It often grows on coastal lowlands ᴄʟᴏsᴇ to the water’s edge. Thatch screwpine, Taʜɪᴛian screwpine, Hala tree, pandanus, and put Hala are some of the common names for this plant in English. The Hala fruit is a sizable edible fruit that is found in Southeast Asia, eastern Aᴜsᴛʀᴀʟɪᴀ, the Pacific Islands, and Hawaii. It is composed of several components known as cones or keys. One of the 750 or so trees that make up the Pandanus species is the Hala fruit tree, also known as the Taʜɪᴛian screw pine or thatch screwpine.
When fully ripe, pandanus fruits contain an oily, protein-rich, nutty-tasting seed that can be eaten both raw and cooked. In some areas of Mɪᴄʀᴏɴᴇsɪᴀ, fruit pulp is a staple diet and can be consumed after cooking. The screw in its common name refers to the way this ornamental tree grows in a huge swirly pattern with ancient leaf scars encircling the stems. The pine gets its name from the strange, pineapple-like fruits that female, sun-grown trees produce. They are both delicious and gorgeous.
The most unusual feature of these trees is their capacity to sprout roots from the upright stem up to a height of fifteen feet above the ground. These roots are endowed at specific locations with a cellular substance that shields them until they reach the ground, at which point they penetrate the earth and serve the tree in two ways: they provide nourishment for its use and protect it from the choppy winds from the ocean. The hard, soft part of the roots is used to make cork; the Taʜɪᴛian indigenous use the fibers for a variety of purposes. Mats made from these roots and stained with various colors are occasionally on display at museums in this nation.
Although screw pines grow best along the coasts or in flat areas of islands, they may also grow well on mountains; some have even been discovered 400 feet up in the Himalayas. One of the most noticeable instances of Norfolk Isle’s ɢʀᴀss tree, Freycinetia Bauerii, is the lush growth that sprawls prostrate on the ground or wraps around tree trunks. Long, beautiful leaves with drooping crests cover the branches. Clusters of blooms emerge from the middle of these leaves, giving rise to fruit that is four inches long and covered in drupes that are packed with a scarlet pulp.
Some Freycinetia species are rather large, and they are all found on the islands of the Iɴᴅɪᴀn Archipelago. Cyclanthus, Carludovica, and Nipa have pinnate or fan-shaped leaves, and their flowers have a calyx. When fermented, Nipa juice, which is made by bruising the spadix of the flowers, is regarded as a delicious variety of palm wine in Java. Crystals, which are visible without the use of a microsᴄᴏᴘe, can be found in the seeds of Pandanus and Freycinetia.
Let’s see the Screw pine fruit wine processing – Ocean fruit wine in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: B Technology