A tropical fruit, lychee is related to rambutan and longan. Around the world, the lychee tree is primarily grown in subtropical areas, with Vɪᴇᴛɴᴀᴍ being one of its most well-known markets. The sweet flavor of the lychee fruit, which may be consumed fresh or used to make wine, juice, and jelly, is well-known. The heart of the fruit, called the litchi, is particularly rich in vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals.
It is a tropical tree that is native to the provinces of Guangdong, Fujian, and Yunnan in Southeast and Southwest Cʜɪɴᴀ, where cultivation began in the 11th century. Lychees are mostly grown in Cʜɪɴᴀ, with Vɪᴇᴛɴᴀᴍ, Iɴᴅɪᴀ, other Southeast Asian nations, the Iɴᴅɪᴀn Subcontinent, Mᴀᴅᴀɢᴀsᴄᴀʀ, and Sᴏᴜᴛʜ Aғʀɪᴄᴀ rounding out the top ten producers. The lychee is a tall, evergreen tree that produces small, fleshy fruits. The fruit’s sweet flesh is consumed in numerous dessert dishes beneath a pinkish-red, rough-textured, and inedible exterior.
Lychee seeds contain the compound ᴍᴇᴛʜylene cyclopropyl glycine, which has been linked to epidemics of encephalopathy in malnourished Iɴᴅɪᴀn and Vɪᴇᴛɴᴀᴍese children.
The branches are brownish-red, and the bark is grey-black. Its 2 to 4 pairs of leaflets are arranged on its 12.5 to 20 cm long, evergreen leaves. Lychee’s leaf resembles that of the Lauraceae family, most likely as a result of convergent evolution. They adapt by growing laurophyll or lauroid leaves, which are leaves that deflect water. On the growth of the current season, flowers develop on a terminal inflorescence with several panicles. The panicles form in groups of ten or more, growing to a maximum length of 40 cm, and contain hundreds of tiny, fragrant wʜɪᴛe, yellow, or green flowers.
The lychee produces fleshy fruits that mature in 80–112 days, depending on the environment, cultivar, and location. Fruits can be up to 5 cm long and 4 cm wide (2.0 in 1.6 in), have a variety of shapes, including round, ovoid, and heart-shaped, and weigh about 20 g. When young, the skin is green before maturing to red or pink-red. It is thin, tight, and either smooth or covered in small, sharp protuberances that have a rough texture. The layer of translucent wʜɪᴛe fleshy aril with a flowery scent and a sweet flavor is visible once the inedible skin has been removed.
Lychees are widely grown in tropical areas of ᴍᴀɴy other nations, including the Iɴᴅɪᴀn Subcontinent, southern Cʜɪɴᴀ, Tᴀɪᴡᴀɴ, Vɪᴇᴛɴᴀᴍ, and the rest of tropical Southeast Asia. They need a tropical climate without frost and with temperatures above 4 °C (25 °F). The best soil for lychees to thrive in is well-drained, somewhat acidic, and rich in organic matter and mulch. Lychees need a climate with high summer temperatures, rainfall, and humidity.
Folklore holds that girdling a lychee tree that isn’t producing a lot of fruit would increase fruit production. Stereo fruiting can be achieved for greater orchard productivity when trees’ centers are opened as part of training and trimming.
Let’s see Harvest Thousands Of Tons Of Lychee – Lychee Processing Technology in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: Tony 98 – Discovery