Today, we will introduce the Scania AXL, a fully autonomous concept truck without a cab that is built around the company’s modular system. Self-driving vehicles are increasingly being taken into consideration as various industries try to simplify transport tasks and make them more sustainable. Examples of environments that are advantageous for self-driving pilots because they are well-controlled locations include mines and sizable ᴄʟᴏsᴇd construction sites.
In ᴍᴀɴy ways, software is more important than hardware for autonomous vehicles. An intelligent control environment steers and keeps an eye on the Scania AXL. For example, in mines, a logistics system that instructs the vehicle on how to operate makes it easier for autonomous operations. The concept car’s combustion engine is an illustration of how old and new technology can coexist. It benefits from using renewable biofuel as fuel. The Scania AXL’s robust and potent features and design are compatible with the harsher conditions found in mines and large construction sites. The conventional cab is replaced by a new intelligent module, but even without a cab, the design is clearly a Scania.
Vehicles operating autonomously have frequently used data from cameras and radar. Although radar sensors are dependable, their resolution is insufficient to detect nearby objects like pedestrians and small objects. The camera provides enough detail and a good overview in two dimensions, but to convert 2D images of the surrounding environment to 3D, a lot of software is needed. In general, the software is more significant than the hardware for autonomous vehicles.
Therefore, an additional sensor is required for safe autonomous driving. Lidar, which stands for light detection and ranging, is the name of the device. According to Fredrich Claezon, a system arcʜɪᴛect for autonomous vehicles, we require sensor overlap so that one can serve as a backup and replace the other if necessary. What happens if the data from the radar and camera disagree? Which of these sensors are we to believe? We can get a better foundation for decisions with lidar.
Scania AXL, the company’s first fully self-driving concept truck, has GPS receivers, cameras, radar, and lidar. The system is intended to operate at a level that satisfies mine operational requirements. The system is certainly intelligent enough to be used in mines even though it isn’t yet street smart, according to development engineer Magnus Granstrom of Autonomous systems development. Although the huᴍᴀɴ eye cannot be easily replaced, sensors can provide a respectable overview of the surrounding area. Driving is fairly straightforward and predictable in mines. More effort is required when driving in a dynamic and unpredictable environment.
Choosing the ideal level of system complexity has proven to be challenging. In order to achieve this, a robust and reliable system must be developed for the mining industry while also allowing for the possibility of developing a more general system for ᴍᴀɴy applications. Scania AXL would probably not be suitable for city driving, but this depends on the environment and tasks that will be performed.
Let’s see Future Truck – Fully Autonomous Concept Scania AXL in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: Cars Garage