Cutting, processing, and transferring trees to a location for transit is known as logging. Skidding, on-site processing, and putting trees or logs onto trucks or skeleton cars are a few examples. Logging is the first step in a supply chain that gives civilizations all over the world the raw materials for several items used for housing, construction, electricity, and consumer paper goods. Additionally, logging techniques are employed to ᴍᴀɴage forests, lower the danger of wildfires, and revive ecosystem functioning. When referring to the logistics of transferring wood from a stump to an area outside of a forest, typically a sawmill or a lumber yard, the term “logging” is occasionally used narrowly in forestry. However, the term can be used to refer to a variety of forestry or silviculture activities in everyday speech.
The following three techniques are regarded as industrial techniques for performing the aforementioned processes.
Tree-length logging and stem-only harvesting include felling the trees, delimbing them, and topping them off at the stump. The log is then brought to the landing and bucked before being hoisted onto a truck.
Trees and other plants are cut down and moved to the side of the road with their tops and limbs still attached. A logger or harvester may now cut a tree down, top it, and remove its limbs all at once thanks to improvements in the ᴍᴇᴛʜod. The improvement in the type of felling head that can be employed is what gives this ability. At the landing, the trees are then delimbed, topped, and bucked. Slash must be handled during the landing when using this technique. The slash can be chipped and utilized to generate energy or heat in locations with access to cogeneration facilities. Full-tree harvesting also means using the tree’s branches and tops as well as its trunk.
However, depending on the species, ᴍᴀɴy of the limbs are often broken off in handling so the end result may not be as different from tree-length logging as it might seem. This ᴍᴇᴛʜod removes both nutrients and soil cover from the site, which can be harmful to the long-term health of the area if no further action is taken.
Cutting, delimbing, bucking, and sorting at the stump site while leaving limbs and tops in the forest is known as “cut-to-lenth” logging. A skidder or forwarder will bring the logs from the delimbing, bucking, and mechanically harvested tree to the landing. Regularly, this technique is available for trees with a diameter of up to 900 mm. Harvesters work well on terrain that is flat to fairly steep. In order to archive the most cost-effective outcomes during harvesting, harvesters are highly automated to optimize cutting length, control the harvesting area with GPS, and employ pricing lists for each Uɴɪqᴜᴇ log.
After being felled, logs are typically taken to a sawmill to be turned into lumber, a paper mill to make paper pulp, or another location for a different purpose, like fence posts. Logs can be transported using a variety of techniques from the point of cutting to a rail line, a sawmill, or a paper mill. Utilizing a river’s current to float floating tree trucks downstream by either log driving or timber rafting is the simplest and historically most used ᴍᴇᴛʜod.
Since trees are frequently located far from highways or waterways, log transportation can be difficult and expensive. In National Forests and other wilderness regions, road construction and maintenance may be prohiBɪᴛᴇd due to the potential for riparian zone erosion. Logs that have been felled next to a road may be easily loaded onto trucks using heavy equipment. The logs are typically removed from the site and moved near to the road using specialized heavy equipment before being lifted onto trucks.
Let’s see Exᴛʀᴇᴍᴇʟʏ ᴅᴀɴɢᴇʀᴏᴜs Logging Truck Overload Climbing Sloping Hill & Crossing Difficult Roads in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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