Cassava cultivation is becoming more profitable for farmers as the crop diversifies in today’s world. For thousands, if not millions, of Nɪɢᴇʀians and other Africans, cassava has long been a source of livelihood and nourishment. 90% of Nɪɢᴇʀian households regularly consume a cassava product. The demand for this agricultural product rises along with Nɪɢᴇʀia’s and Africa’s population growth, boosting the revenue of cassava producers.
Nɪɢᴇʀia is a major producer and exporter of cassava around the globe. 21% of the world’s total cassava production comes from Nɪɢᴇʀia. However, because of an expanding population, the supply is still insufficient to fulfill the demand. In order to meet the market and domestic demand for the cash crop, it is predicted that Nɪɢᴇʀia will need to cultivate 28.3 tons of cassava on 1.2 million hectares of land. Cost calculations have shown that one hectare of cassava yields a profit of 123,745 nairas, whereas the cost of producing cassava is 82,055 naira per hectare. This demonstrates that cassava growing is a financially sound venture.
Cassava must be planted in suitable soil and at the proper time to grow properly. Although cassava may grow in a variety of soil types, it prefers well-drained, light-textured, deep loamy soil. Its ideal pH range is between 4.5 and 6.5. A place with a humid, warm environment makes the best farm area for cassava production. The best cassava cultivation occurs here. Since cassava cannot tolerate soggy soil, the site must be thoroughly drained before planting cassava. It would be necessary to carefully plow and drain the soil. For lighter soil types, flat planting is an option, however, ridging is necessary to promote drainage.
The greatest yielding kinds must be desired when growing cash crops. Yellow cassava enhanced with vitamin A and TME419, TME582, and TMS1632 are among the cassava varieties with good production. An average of 25 to 40 tons of cassava can be produced by these four different types of cassava. Additionally, the farmer would visit seed suppliers or websites that sell this premium cassava stems in order to obtain these high-quality cassava types. Most cassava harvesting is done by hand. The lower stem must be raised, and the roots must be pulled out of the ground. Ropes could be used to help with harvesting. Once more, cassava is a versatile cash crop that is used in practically every meal that humans and animals consume every day.
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Video resource: Noal Farm