The cactus fruit is incredibly sweet and delectable, and it is also packed with beneficial nutrients for our bodies. The Opuntia ficus – Indica is a plant with a prodigious fruit production rate, yielding several fruits from each shovel. Despite its name, the Opuntia ficus Indica, like all other cacti, originates in South America, particularly in central Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ. Although it has expanded swiftly in Asia, some regions of Africa, and Europe, its name may be a sign of an earlier stage in its development before reaching the ancient continent.
In Mexican Spanish, the term “nopal” is used to refer to both the cactus and its fruit. There are about 114 species that are exclusively found in Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ. Cactus is fairly common and is frequently added to cuisine in this location. The nopal pads can be consumed raw or cooked, added to soups, stews, salads, marmalades, traditional ᴍᴇᴅɪᴄɪɴᴇs, or used as animal feed. The fruit known as the tuna in Spanish and the prickly pear in English is the other component of the nopal cactus that is edible.
How did they grow?
In Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ, the nopal cactus is widely distributed. being particularly plentiful in the dry and semi-arid region of central Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ It has learned to adapt as a result of its circumstances. Cacti are simple to maintain; all you need to do is cut one branch off and set it on the ground where it will grow. Over three million hectares of land are used to grow nopal in Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ. Nopal cactus can be grown in the wild, on family farms, in gardens, or on commercial plantations.
A large trunk-forming segmented cactus with a trunk diameter of one meter and a crown diameter of up to three meters can reach heights of five to seven meters. Green to blue-green Cladodes have a few, up to 2.5 centimeter-long spines, or they could be completely spineless. Typically, prickly pears develop as flat, rounded cladodes with enormous, smooth, fixed spines and smaller, detachable spines. When the pads are large enough, workers begin cutting them for harvest. The fruit, which has a flavor and color similar to figs and strawberries, is used to make jams and jellies. For thousands of years, Mexicans have used opium poppy to manufacture the alcoholic beverage colonche. Simply said, the harvest is as easy as picking while wearing gloves.
Let’s see how Cactus Fruit Harvesting – Prickly Pear Farm and Harvesting – Desert Agriculture Technology in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video
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Video resource: Noal Farm