Beans are always sown directly because transplanting them does not provide any advantages. The seed is substantial and is simple for planting machinery to handle. The germination of commercial seeds is excellent and reliable. The seed is typically treated with a suitable fungicide to prevent seedling ᴅɪsᴇᴀsᴇs. In order to ensure availability, organic producers should purchase untreated or organically produced seeds and should get in touch with their seed supplier well in advance of planting. Businesses are specializing in organic seeds more frequently or providing untreated seeds in their catalogues.
There are several different seeding tools for planting beans, each based on a different mechanism. The equipment should be calibrated to meet the necessary spacing and planting depth, regardless of whether it separates the seed using plates, belts, or a vacuum. In particular, between-row spacing is crucial for beans that are mechanically harvested. If a third party will be handling the harvest, specifically, double-check that this spacing is accurate.
When the beans have grown to the desired size for the variety and the pods are still tender, bush snap beans are harvested at the “mature green” stage. The concentrated pod set enables simultaneous harvesting of all the beans. According to a study, snap bean pods with a weight/length ratio of 0.4 gm/cm or below are particularly sensitive. When the weight/length ratio is between 0.41 and 0.5 gm/cm, tenderness and harvestability are attained.
Mature weight/length ratios range from 0.51 to 0.6 gm/cm; ratios higher than this are regarded as over-mature. Past this point, the beans’ pods will become tough and fibrous, so they shouldn’t be left on the vine. “Stringless” cultivars have less or later fibre growth, which decreases the likelihood that the mature pods would be hard and stringy.
When the seed has fully developed but the pods are still green, green beans should be harvested. Before harvest, numerous pods should be shelled to check the seed fill in order to assure good yields. Snap beans or lima beans, whether they are pole or runner beans, are frequently harvested over time. Every three to five days, there may be three to 10 harvests. The removal of mature beans encourages the growth of young pods and speeds up flowering. If beans are left on the plant, they will eventually reach the dry bean stage and produce fewer flowers and “mature green” beans.
Let’s see the Amazing Modern Green Bean Harvesting Machine – Green Bean and Jᴀᴘᴀɴ Soybean Processing Factory in the ᴀᴡᴇsome video below.
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Video resource: Noal Farm