Numerous countries, including Nᴇᴡ Zᴇᴀʟᴀɴᴅ, Iᴛᴀʟʏ, the USA, Cʜɪɴᴀ, Jᴀᴘᴀɴ, Aᴜsᴛʀᴀʟɪᴀ, Fʀᴀɴᴄᴇ, Cʜɪʟᴇ, and Sᴘᴀɪɴ, cultivate kiwis or Chinese gooseberries. The kiwi fruit is very nutritious and theʀᴀᴘᴇutic. It contains a lot of minerals like calcium, potassium, and phosphorus as well as vitamins B and C. Fresh kiwi fruit is eaten, or it can be blended with other fruits in sweets and salads. Additionally, it is employed in the making of wine and squash. In Iɴᴅɪᴀ, the mid highlands of Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, J&K, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, and Kerala are where kiwis are primarily farmed.
The rich, yellow-brown loams of the Bay of Plenty are well-drained, but once the vines start to produce, they require regular nitrogen, phosphate, and potassium. Typically, orchards receive 200 kilograms of nitrogen, 55 kilograms of phosphorus, and 100 to 150 kilos of potassium per acre of fertilizer in the spring and early summer.
Establishing a kiwi fruit farm and producing high-quality kiwi fruit are both significantly hampered by wind. Most Kiwi orchards require protection from winds because young and flowering shoots are easily harmed. In order to create terraces on steep terrain, vines are planted. To receive the most sunshine, the rows must be aligned north-south. For the vineyard to be successfully established, the soil must be thoroughly prepared. By December, the trenches must be ready, filled with a mixture of farmyard ᴍᴀɴure, and covered.
To build and maintain a well-formed framework of main branches and fruiting limbs, training is necessary. Before or as soon after planting the vines, the supporting branches are constructed. There are three different kinds of supporting structures. A single wire fence is frequently used through an additional wire that is occasionally given, and the construction then assumes the shape of the Kniffin system. On the top of pillars that are 1.8 to 2.0 meters high above the ground, one 2.5 mm thick tension wire is strung. The pillars are placed 6 meters apart from one another and can be built of iron, concrete, or wood.
If the wire tension is too high when it is installed, crop load could cause the wire to snap at the knot. Two outrigger wires are also supported by a cross arm on the pole. The T-bar or overhead trellis/telephone system is the name of this technique. The main branch’s laterals are trained on a cabopy made up of three wires. To train vines on pergola or bower systems, a flat-topped network or crisscross wire is ready. Although expensive and challenging to run, the system produces a better output.
While the commercial production of kiwi begins at the age of 7-8 years, the kiwi vine begins to bear fruit at the age of 4-5 years. Due to temperature variations, the fruits ripen earlier at lower altitudes and later at higher elevations. Smaller berries are allowed to enlarge while larger berries are harvested first. The fruits are scrubbed with a rough cloth after harvesting to get rid of any stiff hairs that may have formed on their surface. To get to the market, hard fruits are transported. Then, after two weeks, they lose their firmness and turn edible.
Let’s see Amazing Mini Kiwi Harvesting and Farming – Kiwi Berries Cultivation Technique – Hardy Kiwi in the amazing video below.
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Video resource: Noal Farm